Como verificar el estado general de una sectorial MIKORITK, UBNT, LIGOWAVE fácil y rápido.

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Cada quien tiene su forma de probar su sectorial. En mi caso esta es la primera prueba que le realizo cuando me topo con una red la cual «no le llegan los mega» a los clientes.

Este no es un método definitivo ni tampoco te dará 100% seguridad pero al menos te puede dar una idea. La intención es que veas cómo yo lo hago y de ahí tomes ejemplo para crear tu propio método.

Este método funciona en cualquier marca de radio. Realizar sus propias pruebas y si puedes mandarme los resultados.

1 Prueba de ancho de banda

Es bueno realizar esta prueba 3 o 4 veces al día a diferentes horas. Sabemos que el ruido no es el mismo a distintas horas y tenemos que asegurarnos de que la velocidad sea razonablemente estable.

Cuando realices la prueba espera al menos 1 minuto para que te de el valor más real posible. Configura la prueba solo en send osea la velocidad desde el AP hasta el cliente.

Paso 1: Abres la sectorial por winbox y organizas los clientes por SNR luego tomas el de mayor valor y haces una prueba de velocidad desde la sectorial hacia el cliente

Busca en google mikrotik bandwith test para encontrar esa ventana

Paso 2: Escoges el cliente de peor señal y realizas el mismo procedimiento anterior y luego anotar medida.

Busca en google como realizar un tool bandwith test en mikrotik. No me pregunten cómo se abre esta ventana porque eso está en la primera página de google.

Estas sectorial se ve bien. La menor medida realizada debe ser de 2 a 3 veces el máximo ancho de banda contratado. Me explico, si tu tienes clientes de máximo 10 megas entonces la menor medida debe darte 20 megas.

En el caso de esta sectorial tiene clientes de 8 megas y la menor medida de las dos dio 21.3 lo que «según esta forma de medida» la sectorial se encuentra trabajando bien. (No es un resultado definitivo)

1 Prueba de RTT

Esta prueba consiste en analizar el round trip time comunmente conocido como ping test. Este se realiza para ver la latencia promedio de todos los clientes conectados a una sectorial.

Esta prueba funciona con la sectorial modo puente o modo router. En ambos casos el resultado final es el mismo. Yo personalmente recomiendo usar las sectoriales modo router. Acá un artículo relacionado.

Busca en google IP SCAN mikrotik

Esta sectorial como se puede ver solo tiene un cliente superior a los 100ms (milisegundos). Por el momento y según mis investigaciones realizadas en múltiples redes si más de un 50% de los clientes está sobre los 80ms eso indica congestión o ruido.

Puedes ver este artículo pasado el cual puede ser util en el cual modifiqué el tdma time slot para tratar de lograr mejores resultados.

Resumiendo

1 Ancho de banda teórico de AP-CPE del cliente de menor señal debe medir mínimo 2 veces el ancho de banda máximo del cliente que más le vendes en esa sectorial.

2 No debe haber más de un 50% de los clientes con un RTT superior a los 80ms cuando se realice la prueba del IP SCAN.

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